Plant Descriptions: Blueberries

Northern Highbush Blueberries
Pacific Groves Northern Highbush Blueberries
   ​​​The most widely planted blueberries, popular with home gardeners throughout the northern U.S. and southern Canada. There are over 100 named varieties of Northern Highbush Blueberries. We have selected 5 of the best that offer gardeners delicious crops continuously over a 100 day period. These varieties display bush shapes from short and compact to tall and open. The berries range in size from ¼" to over 1" in diameter and almost black to light powder blue. Northern Highbush require approximately 700 chilling hours for proper dormancy. All cultivars are self-pollinating but will produce better crops if more than 1 variety is planted ​(image).    
Pacific Groves Northern Highbush Blueberries
Pacific Groves Northern Highbush Blueberries
Berkeley - Late to mid-season. Berkeley is one of the most popular home garden varieties. This handsome easy to grow bush attains a 5'-6' height and width when mature. An excellent producer in mild climates. Berkeley boasts a very attractive powder blue fruit with a pleasing mild flavor. Bright yellow wood in the winter makes a nice contrast to other red wooded varieties. Avoid frost pockets or
colder exposed areas (image)​.
Bluecrop - Mid-season. Considered the best all around variety for consistent yields, large high quality fruit, and disease resistant. Bluecrop is an upright, open growing bush to 4'-6'. There are other varieties with better ornamental value but none better in the garden. The leading commercial variety in North America.
Earliblue - Very earl, first to ripen. Large, light blue, delicious sweet flavored berries. The upright bush produces stout canes with bright red wood and large glossy green leaves. Plant where blueberries are well suited and avoid frost pockets ​(image)​.
Pacific Groves Half-High Blueberries
Half-High Blueberries
   ​A cross between Northern Highbush and Lowbush selections from the wild. They are low growing, compact bushes that carry a snow load without damage to the branches. Fruit yields are generally lower than highbush varieties but berry quality is very good with the cultivars retaining the "wild" flavor of their parents. The half-highs were bred for exceptional cold hardiness but are truly outstanding as ornamental landscape plants wherever they can be grown. They have a minimum cumulative cold requirement of approximately
800 hours below 45 F (image)​.
Pacific Groves Half-High Blueberries
Pacific Groves Half-High Blueberries
   Northblue - Mid-season. Northblue is the third variety released by the University of Minnesota. It has a slightly taller, more open stature, reaching 2'-3' tall. Northblue is a consistent producer of large fine quality fruit. Yield is 3-7 pounds per mature bush. Excellent for baking or fresh eating. Northblue has survived winter temperatures to -35F, production is maximized when snow protection is adequate. Recommended for those desiring a
higher yielding cold hardy variety.
Northcountry - Early to mid-season. Northcountry grows slightly larger than Northsky, reaching 1½'-2' high and 3½' in diameter. It has similar bush characteristics to Northsky, with dark green foliage and compact growth, but is more vigorous and adaptable in less than optimum soil types. Fall foliage is scarlet-red. The fruit of Northcountry is medium size, about ½" in diameter with an appealing sweet, "wild" blueberry flavor. Yields will range between 2-5 pounds per mature bush. Northcountry is one of the best varieties for the edible landscape (image).

Northsky - Midseason. With its release by the University of Minnesota in the early 1980's, Northsky brought blueberry growing to many areas previously thought too cold. It is the most cold hardy of all blueberries surviving winter temperatures of -45 F. Will be most productive with adequate winter snow cover. Even in warmer areas Northsky has been quite popular as a wonderful addition to the landscape. The bush grows to a low compact mound about 12"-18" tall and 2'-3' wide. Completely covered in snow white blooms in spring. The foliage is dense, with small glossy green leaves in summer and brilliant red fall color. The berries are small with a dusty bloom that gives them a beautiful sky blue color. Flavor is similar to wild blueberries. Yields range from 1 to 2 pounds per bush. Northsky is particularly well suited for container growing, borders, or group plantings in the landscape. Self-pollinating ​(image).   
Southern Highbush Blueberries
Pacific Groves Southern Highbush Blueberries
An entirely new type of hybrid utilizing the Northern Highbush, Rabbiteye Blueberry, and wild selections from the Appalachian mountains. The intent was to combine the fruit quality of Northern Highbush, the low winter chilling requirements of Rabbiteyes, and the soil adaptability and drought tolerance of the wild types. We have been very impressed with the results and feel these varieties will be the wave of the future for southern gardeners. All Southern Highbush are self-pollinating but the berries will be larger if 2 varieties are planted together.
These varieties have low winter chilling requirements. Chilling hours are an accumulation of hours with temperatures below 45 F in the dormant season. The chilling hours required are listed for each variety ​(image).   

Pacific Groves Southern Highbush Blueberries
 Georgia Gem - Mid-season. Medium-sized fruit, excellent flavor and quality. An upright bush 5'-6'. Growers on the East Coast have found Georgia Gem quite cold hardy, yet tolerant of high temperatures. Rated for zones 7 to 9 but is producing in zone 10. Requires a
minimum of 150 chilling hours. 
O'Neal - Very Early. Large light blue fruit of terrific quality. Best flavor of the Southern Highbush. The bush is vigorous and upright to 6'. Foliage is an attractive grey-green in summer accented with red stems and branches. O'Neal is listed for zones 7 to 9, with a suggested minimum requirement of 150 cumulative hours below 45 F, but is currently producing well in southern Florida
which is zone 10 (image).